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Here are several images explaining the similarities between the Eye of Horus and the Limbic System. The Limbic System Includes not only the Thalamus but also the Hypothalamus, Cingulate gyrus, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Basal Ganglia and Corpus Callosum.
To form the Eye of Horus it is included: The Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Corpus Callosum and part of the 4th ventricle almost reaching the Cerebellum as the images explain. Also it almost include the Mammilary bodies and the Pituitary gland. The Eye of Horus has six basic components representing the senses: smell, touch, taste, hearing, sight and thought.
Lets explain what the component of the Eye of Horus in our brain do:
The Thalamus receives precortical sensory input from all sensory systems except the olfactory system. It receives its largest input from the cerebral cortex and plays and important role in sensory and motor system integration.
The Hypothalamus functions primarily in the maintenance of homeostasis and subserve the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system and the limbic system.
The Corpus Callosum interconnects the hemispheric areas.
4th Ventricle lies between the cerebellum and the brainstem, expresses CSF into the subarachnoid space via two lateral foramina.
Is it mere coincidence that the Eye of Horus seem almost identical to this cerebral components, also that it is divided into the five senses plus thought and the components included do basically this functions in our brain?
As history tells us Egyptians had a vast knowledge in anatomy and medicine. They used to remove the Cerebrum, Cerebellum and Brain Stem though the nostrils with some tools, resembling long thin sticks. Does they knew how do all brain parts look like? Or they merely took the cephalic mass and its components out so they can continue their embalming work?
The Eye Horus in Egyptian mythology tells, that when Set and Horus were fighting for the throne after Osiris's death, Set gouged out Horus' left eye. The eye was restored by either Hathor or Thoth. When Horus' eye recovered, he offered it to his father, Osiris, in hopes of restoring his life. Hence, the eye of Horus was often used to symbolise sacrifice, healing, restoration, and protection.
Does they knew about all this brain components, how they look like and its functions? If we take the Eye of Horus as an example of an anatomical drawing with the "mythologic" components about the senses and though, and compare them with the true role of this parts in the human conqnition, sensory input and homeostasis we can say its not a mere coincidence. We can't be sure of this, but this prove is telling us that the egyptians had a more extensive knowledge that we have ever though.
1. Pinch, Geraldine (2004). Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. pp. 131–132
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